WHO OWNS THE TRADEMARK STEMENHANCE

BREAKING NEWS Christian Drapeau Abandons Cerule

Toxic blue green microcystin algae is found in Klamath Lake algae supplements when tested by independent scientist

Klamath River Fish Kills | Eutrophic Klamath Lake | Independent Science | Acute Toxicity | AFA Supplement Warning | Microcystin Death? | FAQ | Latest Scientific Testing 2017 | Microcystin Toxins May Have Therapeutic Benefits | Attack Dogs | StemTech Chapter 11 Bankruptcy | Stem Cell Nutrition | Disruptive Technology | Brainwashed AFA Distributor

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BREAKING NEWS

Study links BGA microcystin toxins associated with AFA to Motor Neuron Disease

This independent study clearly backs up what the Australian researchers have found


WARNING - DO NOT GIVE CYANOBACTERIA BGA AFA SUPPLEMENTS TO CHILDREN OR DOGS

The Trademark Stemenhance is owned by Cerule formerly known as Desert Lake Technologies. Desert Lake Technologies was a "small and failing algae company" in Klamath Falls, Oregon which was purchased by Howard Newman (now deceased) and his son Greg Newman in 1991.

One has to wonder if Howard Newman's untimely and very unfortunate death was in any way connected with being exposed to the carcinogenic properties of cyanobacteria found amongst the AFA harvested from Klamath Lake.

Another name associated with the Stemenhance™, Cell Tech, Desert Lake Technologies and now Cerule, is Christian Drapeau the scientist and developer of the original Stemenhance product produced by DLT.

Christian Drapeau is quoted extensively in the research done by Dr Dale Peterson on his website in regard to AFA supplements.

When you compare the scientific research Christian Drapeau has co-authored previously and what he now says about Stemenhance it becomes totally confusing as to where the truth lies. Obviously a conflict of interest is behind his changing tunes. I guess there will be new videos and research showing that a  new product is better than anything he has done before now he is with Jeunesse another network marketing company.

It's interesting to note that he now discounts in this video what he has published previously in this scientific paper as being incorrect. Can you trust him to tell the truth at any time especially now he has pulled out of Cerule the failing AFA MLM in Klamath falls? 

Perhaps the comments of another well known scientist who has studied AFA for decades would be appropriate to read

Is it the truth now or was it the truth before as explained in this video?

I guess it's a bit like a car salesman... if he loses his job with one dealer, he has to change his story to suit the cars he's now selling. You don't really expect scientists to suddenly start saying the research they had previously done was somehow incorrect as Drapeau now does. Credibility tends to fly out the window the more he changes his tune!

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Did you know Stemrelease3 DOES NOT CONTAIN AFA

Stemrelease3 IS NOT Stemenhance

Stemrelease3 contains  NO AFA

Stemrelease3 is manufactured exclusively for Stemtech Health Sciences.

Stemtech products are completely free of AFA

Stemtech Health Sciences new product Stemrelease3 is scientifically proven to be

far more effective and safer than the old AFA based Stemenhance.

Drapeau collaborated with other scientists to develop the Stemrelease3 product.

There was a remarkable increase in the level of Stem Cells in the body compared to

the old formula using AFA, which of course as you know by now, is associated with

that dangerous microcystin toxin found in Klamath Lake along with AFA that causes

severe liver damage and may contribute to developing Alzheimer's disease.

Want to buy the best and safest proven stem cell nutrition product ?

Touch the image or Click Here | Ingredients

Are you a disillusioned distributor of AFA products? 

Ask us how you could have a completely new start with Stemtech Health Sciences

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Dr Stefano Scoglio PD ND
Stefano Scoglio is the Director of the Nutritherapy Research Center, a research institute affiliated with the Department of Natural Sciences at the University of Urbino, Italy. As such, he has been coordinating, for the last 6 years, the laboratory and clinical studies performed on the health benefits of the micro algae Aphanizomenon flos aquae from Klamath Lake, USA. The Centre focuses its research activity on the concept of primordial nutrition, including micro algae, probiotics and digestive enzymes.

He has published books and articles both in scientific and popular journals on nutrition, and complementary medicine, on micro algae, probiotics and enzymes. Besides his research activity, Dr. Scoglio is a teacher on health and complementary medicine, is accredited by the Italian Ministry of Health as teacher of Nutrition and Nutritional Therapy for ECM courses (courses reserved to MDs and pharmacists for acquiring professional credits), and has been a speaker at various national and international medical congresses. He is an accomplished public speaker, capable of explaining in accessible terms difficult scientific and philosophical concepts and ideas.

Unfortunately, treating the truth lightly appears to be a hallmark of the Klamath BGA industry when it comes to toxicity problems and the purity of eutrophic Klamath Lake which is obviously heavily polluted.

Cell Tech an early name associated with AFA algae from Klamath Lake, was one of the original harvesters of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae aka AFA, BGA, Blue Green Algae, which is actually a bacterial growth called cyanobacteria and is NOT algae as it is commonly called.

When Cell Tech fell on hard times due to high levels of microcystin toxins found in their products they ended up going into liquidation according to online newspaper reports.

 

Looks like Gregory S Newman formerly running a company called Desert Lake Technologies now called Cerule may have some severe financial difficulties with the $14,036,420.00 dollar debt he has with the State of California.

 

Don't hold your breath waiting for Cerule to trade their way out of this massive liability. It's not going to go away and once again we may find yet another AFA harvester taking toxic BGA algae out of Klamath lake has gone into bankruptcy.

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If the above isn't bad enough what about this Debt to the Internal Revenue Service for over $5m.

In fact it is $5,098,212.53.

 

You can clearly see the name in the document. Gregory S Newman along with Jeanine Newman.

How long can a failing MLM company last with massive tax liabilities like this?

 

Is Cerule still in business? Or are they simply shutting up shop like many Klamath Lake AFA

companies have been notorious for doing over the last 30 years

 

 

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Lacey Jarrel staff reporter with Herald and News Orgegon reports the levels of toxic microcystin in the algae blooms of Klamath Lake are increasing and quotes David Farrer, a toxicologist for the Oregon Health Authority, "the most recent samples of the toxic blue-green algae, Microcystis aeruginosa, contaminating the lakes were collected the second week in August." (2015) “At that time, toxins in Upper Klamath Lake and Agency Lake were higher than they were when we issued the health warning. Toxicologists aren’t sure why the levels are increasing”

OSU scientists researching the toxic effects of microcystin in 2012 took 120 samples from 16 sites between the reservoir and the Klamath River outflow in Northern California.

They found that the microcystin toxins can survive passing through hydroelectric turbines and hundreds of miles of river. That causes problems when the algae reach estuaries.

Toxic algae sludge in Klamath Lake. The same lake that stem cell enhancer supplements are made from

Freshwater mussels filter the water and can accumulate more than 100 times the toxin than would be found in nearby water samples. The mussels are often consumed by mammals, including sea otters in Northern California’s Morro Bay.

Researchers there had been puzzled when they noticed that the otters began dying of a freshwater toxin, microcystin, two years ago. Microcystin is the same toxin OSU scientists found in Oregon rivers and in Klamath Lake.

In light of how serious this problem is with microcystin toxins, it would be wise to check out the numerous websites that have extensive information about the potential toxicity of AFA  BEFORE you use any supplement product made from AFA Blue Green Algae from the polluted waters of Klamath Lake.

Recent research has shown AFA to have "brought in positive consequence on blood glucose levels in Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes". However, there was no research carried out in regard to microcystin levels in the supplements that were used at the time.

The issue is not whether AFA supplementation is beneficial or not - it's whether consuming AFA contaminated with microcystin toxin is damaging to health over the long term. Read the study.

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In recent scientific research scientists are looking at the potential for microcystin to be used for health benefits. "Natural products are an important source of new structures leading to drugs in all major disease areas. This issue illustrates current activities and trends in the research of natural products and drug discovery. Medicinal chemistry is the cornerstone for successful hit-to-lead exploration and further lead optimization"

It's interesting that independent scientists are also finding positive benefits of microcystins associated with AFA albeit in minute amounts yet scientists in Australia have discovered irrefutable proof that microcystin toxins are shockingly implicated in causing Motor Neuron Disease.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4485343/  It would be a shame to kill the goose that lays the golden eggs if manufacturers of faulty AFA product are allowed to continue putting potentially toxic AFA products into the market place when such positive benefits can obviously be scientifically proven by independent scientists who have NO VESTED INTEREST in the company making the product.

Here is some more recent thought provoking research that anyone who wants to get a balanced view of AFA and the potential benefits and hazards should read. "Cyanobacteria have long been known for their ecological and agricultural impact; that is, as the primary colonizers of an ecosystem, their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen and solubilize phosphates. In recent years, significant emphasis has been given to cyanobacterial biotechnology.9 Worldwide attention is drawn toward cyanobacteria for their possible role to help and harm humankind." Visit the webpage here http://www.nature.com/ja/journal/v64/n6/full/ja201121a.html

However, there is always another side to every story as told in this ABC video about Motor Neuron Disease

 

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With all due respect to the potential benefits of cyanobacteria everyone should carry out their own due diligence before consuming a product potentially containing known toxins such as the microcystin toxin found amongst the AFA Blue Green algae from Klamath Lake. AFA is NOT an algae as it is often called. It is a bacteria. Cyanotoxins are toxins produced by a bacteria called cyanobacteria which is most commonly and mistakenly called blue green algae. AFA is a type of cyanobacteria and is NOT algae which by now after reading the above research articles and watching the videos you would be well aware of.

AFA is often associated with microcystin producing toxic cyanobacteria called anabaena and microcystis cyanobacteria. AFA is suspected of producing microcystin toxins but science can't define exactly what conditions, when or why AFA may produce microcystin at certain times.

 

 

There is ongoing scientific research into AFA and microcystin toxins.

 

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It should be noted that AFA itself does not "normally" produce the microcystin toxin. However there is past research that says it does. More recent research confirms that AFA does produce endotoxins.

The association of the microcystin producing blue/green cyanobacteria in uncontrolled environments like Klamath Lake adds to the problem.

Due to the fact that it is virtually impossible to segregate the less toxic AFA  from the very very toxic Microcystis Aeruginosa at the point of harvesting it becomes very problematical for the supplement manufacturers to attain safe levels of microcystin toxicity of 1ppm as required by the regulating bodies.

This is the exact reason that patented methods have been proposed to try and remove the toxins after harvesting have been developed.

As to whether this patent applied for process is now being used is purely conjecture. When reading through the patent application which was lodged on the date shown below you will start to understand the enormous difficulty in providing an AFA supplement that is guaranteed to have <1mcg/gm of microcystin toxicity in it.

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Patent application to remove toxic microcystins from AFA harvesting and manufacturing

Before you start attacking the messenger, as many people involved in the AFA industry tend to do, read the science and the patent application above and become educated to the dangers that consumption of AFA supplements harvested in natural conditions from eutrophic Klamath Lake presents.

 

The shocking finding by Australian scientists that microcystin toxins cause Motor Neuron Disease would surely stop most people from consuming any food or product or supplement or water that is potentially contaminated with microcystin toxins. It's not just BGA supplements you have to worry about. However, AFA harvested from eutrophic Klamath Lake is indeed a serious concern for everyone that uses or sells these potentially toxic and dangerous BGA supplement products produced from the contaminated water.

 

Read on to discover the truth about how blue green algae AFA is used in various natural supplements claimed to be made from the pristine water of Klamath Lake Oregon. Side effects of blue green algae microcystin contamination are cause for serious health concerns by medical health authorities and health practitioners alike.

 

Problems may and indeed do include irreparable toxic liver damage and early death as has happened with dogs drinking polluted lake and river water. Toxic algae blooms in the shallow polluted waters of Klamath Lake are harvested, processed and sold under the various trademarks as natural health supplements under many brand names.

 

In many cases harvesters claim Certified Organic status to make it appear that their particular product is somehow clean and pure. Nothing could be further from the truth when you consider how filthy the water in in Klamath Lake is. The lake is heavily polluted with run off from the thousands of hectares of farmland surrounding it. Nitrogen fertilisers, chemicals sprayed on crops and cow manure all end up in the lake and are the cause of regular cyanobacteria blooms.

 

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Recent scientific research indicates that Blue/Green Algae supplementation is far from being safe even in mid 2017. You would think the BGA industry would have learned from the past and made sure toxic varieties of BGA are no longer present in their products.

 

What algae is good and what is bad?   Watch this video

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There is no control over the weather or the temperature of the lake. Nor is there any control on the amount of nutrient run off from surrounding farmlands in periods of wet weather. A combination of factors will cause cyanobacteria blooms to occur when everything is right for the bacteria to multiply in vast numbers.

No one knows how toxic any particular bloom of cyanobacteria is going to be nor are they able to clearly identify and isolate what species of cyanobacteria is harvested from the lake.

For your convenience listed below is a number of government websites and well recognised health related websites to help you make a fully informed decision about ANY potentially contaminated AFA cyanobacteria bloom. Before consuming any algae supplement, ask for a written statement by the company that their particular algae product is completely free of cyanotoxin.

A statement certifying the cyanobacteria/BGA algae product is safe and/or a standardised recent test of their product showing the batch number of the product you are using to be free of microcystin should be readily available on request BEFORE you swallow a potential poison. The company or supplier of the product should also be able to give you written indemnification that they are completely responsible if there are any repercussions back on you if you were to use or sell a polluted AFA product that caused you or someone else to become ill or die from microcystin liver toxicity.

Bear in mind that if you do manage to get a genuine copy of a document certifying a particular batch of algae has passed under the stringent limit of <1 microg/g set by health authorities for microcystins in your Blue Green Algae, there is no guarantee that subsequent batches are completely safe due to poor and inconsistent testing procedures as outlined in this scientific report. This is due to seasonal changes in the levels of toxic microcystin in Klamath Lake that varies from month to month as algae is harvested.

Read the science that supports this. 

Assessing potential health risks from microcystin toxins in blue-green algae dietary supplements.

Send an email to the company selling the AFA product requesting a signed written statement that their brand of product is absolutely free of toxic cyanobacteria and there is NO safety issue and that they have insurance to cover you if you sell their product.

It should be readily forthcoming if they have found a way to remove ALL the toxic material completely from the end product. There should also be science to back up their claim along with the government certification that their product is safe and meets the acceptable limit of less than <1 microg/g. = 1 ppm and is often expressed as 1 ug/g depending on what country you live in

Extremely small amounts of microcystin toxin can cause irreparable damage to the liver and ongoing disease which may include cancer, liver failure and an early death and now shown to be a contributing factor in Motor Neuron Disease.

Detection of microcystin synthetase genes in health food supplements containing the freshwater cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae

"Cyanobacteria are found almost everywhere, but particularly in lakes and in the ocean where, under certain conditions, they reproduce exponentially to form blooms. Blooming cyanobacteria can produce cyanotoxins in such concentrations that they poison and even kill animals and humans. Cyanotoxins can also accumulate in other animals such as fish and shellfish, and cause poisonings such as shellfish poisoning."

Microcystin toxic blue green algae found in stemenhancer products"Among cyanotoxins are some of the most powerful natural poisons known, including poisons which can cause rapid death by respiratory failure. The toxins include potent neurotoxins, hepatotoxins, cytotoxins, and endotoxins. Despite the similarity in name, they are not cyanides. Recreational exposure to cyanobacteria can result in gastro-intestinal and hay fever symptoms or pruritic skin rashes. Exposure to the cyanobacteria neurotoxin BMAA may be an environmental cause of neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS, Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease. There is also an interest in the military potential of biological neurotoxins such as cyanotoxins, which "have gained increasing significance as potential candidates for weaponization."

The toxic effects of microcystin-LR on mouse lungs and alveolar type II epithelial cells

If there is independent scientific research that clearly shows Blue Green AFA algae is completely non toxic in supplement form and is completely free of Cyanotoxin there will be a link to it on this webpage to give a balanced view.

At the moment the author is finding it extremely difficult to uncover any science that indicates AFA or any blue/green algae harvested in uncontrolled polluted environments like Klamath Lake is actually truly safe to drink and/or consume in any quantity in supplement form due to the potential contamination with microcystin toxins associated with AFA.

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Algae grown in controlled conditions is perfectly ok to consume in supplement form

 

NOTE: The same problems DO NOT apply to algae which is grown in controlled farmed environments as some manufacturers do in various places around the world. It's only algae harvested from eutrophic lakes such as Klamath that is the problem.

If your supplier of AFA has a controlled environment the product is probably COMPLETELY SAFE. They will have documented evidence to prove it!

 

  Sick and tired of prospecting the old way for MLM leads?   Be the first out of the starting blocks with this major new MLM opportunity  

 

Very recent research is providing some evidence that BGA supplement manufacturers are actually cleaning up their act somewhat with only 8 out of 18 supplements testing positive for microcystin. It's important to note that 14 of the samples were Spirulina and the other 4 were AFA. Four of the Spirulina samples tested positive for microcystin whilst ALL AFA samples tested positive with alarming levels found in one of the samples.

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Check out this latest scientific research www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/3/76/pdf by A Roy-Lachapelle - ‎2017 - ‎Cited by 1 Feb 25, 2017

It's worth noting it is an improvement on a few years ago when 100% of all AFA supplements tested positive for microcystin contamination at levels up to and over 1000% the level that is considered safe by government guidelines.

It should be good news for the distributors and customers of the responsible AFA supplement providers now that the companies supplying the AFA are moving somewhat in the right direction and perhaps can provide indemnity to the Distributor involved in selling and consuming the products made from the nutrient dense eutrophic waters of Klamath Lake.

For those people who have had their health already compromised from contaminated AFA products it is cold comfort indeed that people have had their health compromised in the meantime.

However, the negative side is that alarming levels are STILL BEING FOUND in 2017 with 100% of the AFA supplement products tested that came from Klamath Lake Oregon showing unacceptable levels of microcystin toxicity above the government guidelines.

Be safe - don't consume AFA unless you have certification that the batch number on the product you are consuming or considering consuming has been tested by an independent lab and is certified safe!

One sample testing of a particular brand of AFA showed the astounding level of 683% over the government recommended guidelines.  It simply IS NOT GOOD ENOUGH in this day and age to be supplying a product that could do far more damage than good.

It's so typical of big business to put profits first and the welfare and health of people last!

Make sure you share this webpage with others who may be using BGA supplements so they can make an informed decision about their own long term health outcomes.   DON'T GIVE AFA TO CHILDREN or DOGS

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Detection of Cyanotoxins in Algae Dietary Supplements

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5371831/

Results showed that 8 brands out of 18 contained some levels of cyanotoxins both in Spirulina and A. flos-aquae supplements. From these brands, four were contaminated with microcystins at levels exceeding the TDI values established by the WHO and the Oregon Health Division. Moreover, ANA-a and its transformation products were found in six brands which suggests the presence of alkaloid cyanotoxins producers species in CB cultures. Finally, low amounts of BMAA were found in two A. flos-aquae samples, supporting earlier reports that this toxin can appear in such dietary supplements [21,26]. This should be of concern for public health since dietary exposure to BMAA is suspected to be a potent neurotoxin. Finally, we do not want to emphasize the health risks associated with the specific supplement brands that we have analyzed. We rather pointed out that our data show the importance of better monitoring by the appropriate authorities of all algal-based food supplements and eventually prompt the adoption of health-based guidelines on the maximum intake to ensure the safety of these products.

Mechanisms of microcystin-LR-induced cytoskeletal disruption in animal cells

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), a potent hepatotoxin produced by certain bloom-forming cyanobacteria, covalently binds to serine/threonine protein phosphatases and acts as an efficient inhibitor of this group of enzymes

 

 

Read more below | FAQs

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Independent Research

 

Potentially microcystin toxic - blue green algae supplements

 

 

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Tests by INDEPENDENT Scientists in Germany show Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA) supplement samples tested positive for microcystin

 

This is a very revealing and disturbing independent study which found levels of toxic microcystin in every sample of AFA Aphanizomenon flos-aquae commonly known as blue/green algae they tested.

 

 

 

"Food supplements from blue-green algae do more harm than good"

Dietary supplements containing different types of algae claim to be rich in minerals that help improve mental acuity and concentration. While many of these products are neither useful nor harmful, products containing blue-green algae have raised serious concerns. Consumers have repeatedly complained about pain and discomfort after consumption. Prof Dietrich who discovered microcystin contamination Klamath Lake AFA supplements

A study carried out by toxicologist Prof. Dr. Daniel Dietrich from the University of Konstanz has now tested all algae products available in Germany for contamination with toxic substances and the results have raised serious doubts as to the suitability of such algae products for human consumption.

The dietary supplement industry touts the positive effect of algae products. The majority of commercialised products are based on blue-green algae such as Spirulina and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae or green algae such as Chlorella. Algae food supplement manufacturers often advertise their products as “blue-green algae”. However, the term blue-green algae is misleading as the organisms used in such products are cyanobacteria rather than algae, i.e. plants. 
The claimed effects often sound downright fantastic and range from improving general well-being and nervous system function to optimising brain function. However, the German Federal Agency of Risk Assessment warns that there is no scientific evidence for the propagated effect of cyanobacterial products (1). With regard to product ingredients, manufacturers’ advertisements are also misleading as the products tend to contain a relatively low quantity of nutrients.
Manufacturers also vaunt the natural origin of their products, something that rarely stands up to close scrutiny. “While Chlorella and Spirulina are usually grown in huge artificial tanks, most Aphanizomenon flos-aquae algae (known as “blue-green algae”) are produced in a large artificial freshwater lake (Klamath Lake) in Oregon, which is used as drinking water for cattle as well as bathing and consequently has a high bacteria count and a high degree of eutrophication,” says Prof. Dr. Daniel  Dietrich, environmental toxicologistat the University of Konstanz. Prof. Dietrich and his team of researchers at the University of Konstanz have conducted a study in which they examined blue-green algae products for the presence of potentially harmful substances.

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Microcystin contaminations

Certain types of cyanobacteria produce toxins (microcystins) that cause liver damage. Dietary supplements made with blue-green algae that grow in the wild are likely to be produced from toxic and non-toxic types of algae that tend to exist side by side. Microcystins have a similar effect to death cap toxins in that they can cause serious liver damage and are therefore highly dangerous. The researchers used common laboratory methods such as ELISA and protein-phosphatase-inhibition assays for determining the microcystin concentration in the algae products. They also used cell culture cytotoxicity tests and mass spectrometry to carry out a general analysis of the algal extracts. “We identified toxic substances in all products investigated,” Dietrich says.

In addition, the scientists found that some of the cyanobacterial products were contaminated with components that cause irritation leading to diarrhoea and nausea. “We know that these substances are not microcystins, but little else is yet known about them,” Dietrich explains. While the components that cause irritation usually only have a temporary effect, regular consumption of products containing microcystin can have a permanent effect on health. “Amongst other things, the products may lead to progressive damage of the liver, kidneys and even the brain,” Prof. Dietrich explains. However, the adverse and undesired effects on human health of food supplements made from cyanobacteria are poorly documented. “All we currently know about the toxic effect of microcystins is that they may lead to liver damage, diarrhoea, nausea and dizziness,” Prof. Dietrich says. The German consumer organisation Stiftung Warentest has classified these products as risky (2) and the World Health Organisation has rated cyanobacterial peptide toxins as potentially carcinogenic (3).

Lack of thorough testing

Toxicity testing for microcystin contamination in AFA supplements from Klamath Lake The reason why many cyanobacterial dietary supplements are available for purchase is down to the fact that they are not subject to the same strict requirements as drugs before they are placed on the market. Although manufacturers are liable for product safety, direct sale of the products makes comprehensive monitoring by food authorities virtually impossible. “Dietary supplements, if they are tested at all, only undergo rudimentary testing, which often involves the use of tests that are fairly unsuitable for detecting the potential presence of toxins and contaminants," Dietrich says. The tests used do not often detect the damaging effect of products with the result that increasing numbers of people are experiencing problems after buying and consuming algae products.

Industry reactions on the study results

It goes without saying that the producers of cyanobacterial dietary supplements are far from overjoyed with the researchers’ findings, but this is quite understandable. They are taking all necessary steps to defend themselves against the accusations. “The food supplement producers are taking legal action to try to prevent the publication of our data and are closely scrutinising our results. However, they have not yet met with any success,” Dietrich says. The publication of the study would be a major setback for the companies involved and possibly cause a decline in revenues.
Is there an alternative to dietary supplements?

Prof. Dietrich does not believe that there is an alternative to algal dietary supplements. “We do not need any alternatives. These dietary supplements are, apart from generating a healthy balance sheet for manufacturers, completely unnecessary for the human metabolism and the extra intake of vitamins and trace substances is not required,”...

Sources:

1. BgVV und BfArM warnen: Nahrungsergänzungsmittel aus AFA-Algen können keine medizinische Therapie ersetzen (08/2002, 21.03.2002)
Joint press release of the German Federal Institute of Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) and the German Federal Institute for Health Protection of Consumers and Veterinary Medicine (BgVV)

2. Algenpräparate: Die grüne Gefahr (11.02.2011), published in test 02/2011

3. "Chemical hazards in drinking-water - microcystin-LR”, WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, 2003
 

Further information:
University of Konstanz
Prof. Dr. Daniel Dietrich
Faculty of Biology
Universitätsstraße 10
78464 Konstanz
E-mail: daniel.dietrich(at)uni-konstanz.de

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Stemenhancer raw material. Would you eat this stuff?

 

Hard Times At Cell Tech - An interesting expose by Kehn Gibson of the Herald and News detailing the background leading to large scale harvesting of AFA from Lake Klamath Oregon by Cell Tech and their eventual collapse due to many problems not the least being high levels of microcystin found in AFA samples as far back as 1996

 

 

Questionable Death

 

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http://law.justia.com/cases/oregon/court-of-appeals/2009/a135647.html  "Melissa Blake, the decedent, died in 2003 at the age of 34. Plaintiff, decedent's personal representative, brought a wrongful death and product liability action against defendants Cell Tech International and The New Algae Company--companies that manufacture and distribute a dietary supplement called Blue Green Algae.

According to plaintiff, decedent consumed Blue Green Algae products manufactured by defendants, those products contained toxins called "microcystins," and those microcystins caused decedent's liver and renal (kidney) failure, culminating in decedent's death. Plaintiff alleges that defendants' products were dangerously defective and that defendants were negligent in selling them."

"After a person ingests algae containing microcystin toxins, the toxins go to the stomach and intestines, enter the blood stream, and are transported in the bloodstream to the liver, where the toxins enter the liver cells.  According to Dietrich, "liver cells have an active uptake of these toxins."  The microcystins then bond to cell components in the liver, inhibiting essential cell functions and causing cellular damage. 

The liver cells die from the cellular damage and are replaced by scar tissue, resulting in cirrhosis.  Because the liver is damaged, an increased amount of proteins are released by the liver into the bloodstream.  The kidneys, which reabsorb proteins from the blood, become overwhelmed by the increased amount of proteins, resulting in kidney failure, followed by death."

Draw your own conclusions on whether microcystin killed the unfortunate Ms Melissa Blake.

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Stemenhancer supplements raw material AFA being tested for toxicity

 

http://www.drdalepeterson.com/Stemenhance_c3a2fd879733af43e7cd.html - A very well written and detailed report by respected Physician Dr Dale Peterson on the dangers of AFA with a detailed response from Christian Drapeau the science officer of several companies associated with Lake Klamath blue/green algae harvesting in the past.

Drapeau is now associated with Cerule, the owner of the trademark Stemenhance and the manufacturer of the Stemenhance AFA supplement. Cerule still produces Stemenhance made from AFA harvested from Klamath Lake and is perhaps the major supplier of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae based algae products from Lake Klamath Oregon which has been supplied to many countries around the world.

 

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If you can't swim in the water would you eat the AFA that grows in the toxic water?

https://public.health.oregon.gov/HealthyEnvironments/Recreation/HarmfulAlgaeBlooms/Pages/Blue-GreenAlgaeAdvisories.aspx - A government website dedicated to warning people not to swim in contaminated lakes and rivers and to avoid swallowing water due to the toxic effects of blue/green cyanobacteria or BGA as it is often mistakenly called. There are specific warnings for various waterways and lakes. Klamath is one such lake which has warnings in regard to the toxic nature of the water.

People with dogs are advised to make sure their dog never drinks the contaminated water as they die very quickly from it. Upper Klamath Lake is a large, very shallow lake averaging only about 15 feet in depth, in South-Central Oregon. Upper Klamath Lake has become hypereutrophic, which means that its nutrient levels are high enough to cause annual, extensive BGA and AFA blooms that have occurred each summer since the 1930's. (Excessive blue-green algae growth is an indicator of hypereutrophic condition in the lake from farmland run off including fertilizers and chemicals.)

What else is in that stem enhancer supplement from Klamath Lake

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://thebark.com/content/what-else-supplement 

 

A new report by researchers at U.C. Davis points to the need for oversight of nutrition supplements. The pills and powders fed to pets to boost their health come with no assurance of getting what you pay for—or more than you bargained for, like toxic contaminants.

 

Read the science here

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26087767

 

In this case, a tainted organic algae powder was damaging the liver of an 11 year old Pug, who lost her appetite and was lethargic after several weeks use. The authors say it’s the first documented case of blue-green algae poisoning in a dog caused by a dietary supplement. (Most reports of illness involve dogs exposed to water containing certain blue-green algae toxins.)

 

The message here is DON'T feed your pets AFA supplements unless you have a guarantee the AFA supplement product is 100% safe and non-toxic for the batch number listed on the bottle.

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After all who wants to kill their pets or children for that matter by feeding them suspect cyanobacteria products without testing the product for themselves first?

 

Dogs in particular are highly susceptible to microcystin toxin and will quickly die when drinking contaminated water so why feed cyanobacteria to them in a pill or powder that may be contaminated with microcystin toxins without testing it out for yourself by consuming the same amount per body weight that you're feeding to your unsuspecting pet.

 

Worse still are the terribly misguided people that feed suspect Klamath Lake cyanobacteria supplements to their own children who will run the risk of developing MND as time goes by.

 

If you experience any feelings of discomfort in the liver area STOP immediately and DON'T feed it to your pet. It will be far worse for them. The added worry is the potential for microcystins to cause Motor Neuron Disease as discovered recently by researchers investigating the extraordinary level of MND in people exposed to microcystin contaminated foods and water.

 

It's disturbing to find that the problem with AFA Microcystin toxicity is so wide spread that commercial labs are now advertising testing procedures so anyone can test their AFA supplement for microcystin toxins before consuming potentially damaging AFA products.

 

I would strongly suggest that if the company you're buying AFA supplements from hasn't supplied you with a written indemnity to cover you in case of any lawsuit then ask why not? A written guarantee that the batch number you're consuming is safe and well under the government stipulated limit of <1 microg/g is the least they can do to allay any concerns you have about safety issues.

 

If your supplier doesn't want to give you this guarantee ask for a test to be done on your behalf from this lab that has specialist testing procedures for ALL microcystin toxins. You can then take whatever legal action is necessary to protect yourself from claims against you.

 

If you wish to check the toxicity of your batch number of AFA against what the manufacturer says it is, it's reassuring that customers and distributors of AFA products have that ability to do so now.

 

I urge everyone who has experienced any untoward effects from BGA supplements to get tests done on the remaining product. Then you have proof for legal action to be taken against the supplier of the products.

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The following toxins associated with AFA are able to be tested for

Microcystin LR
Microcystin RR
Microcystin YR
Microcystin LR-RR-YR
Microcystin LW
Microcystin LF

 

Personally I believe it is NOT SAFE to take AFA if the company hasn't supplied documentation for the batch number on your product.

 

Here is where you can get your own AFA supplement tested for purity if your company or supplier hasn't given you the documentation.

http://www.cyano-biotech.com/content/cyanotoxins/index.php

 

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Blue green algae contaminated with microcystin kills dogs very quickly

 

 

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26087767

 

CASE PRESENTATION:

 

 

 

 

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Stem cell "nutrition" Blue Green algae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/lake-erie-algae-bloom-2014-_n_5647824http://www.energygrid.com/health/2009/10kb-klamathalgae.html 

 

These Disturbing Photos Show Why Algae Blooms Are A Growing Global Water Threat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Stemenhancer supplements

 

 

 

 

http://www.chiro.org/nutrition/ABSTRACTS/algae.shtml

 

Recently, a researcher at the University of Alberta conducted an independent sampling, to test the level of one of the toxins, Microcystin-LR of natural health products containing blue-green algae.

 

Of the nine randomly selected samples that were tested, all showed levels of Microcystin-LR which exceeded the levels considered safe for daily consumption by both Health Canada and the World Health Organization.

 

 

It's disturbing to find that independent testing for microcystin toxicity continues to find ongoing toxicity issues with AFA supplements decades after the problems have become apparent as noted in this research article by independent scientists. D J Gilroy, K W Kauffman, R A Hall, X Huang, and F S Chu

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1638057/

"The presence of blue-green algae (BGA) toxins in surface waters used for drinking water sources and recreation is receiving increasing attention around the world as a public health concern. However, potential risks from exposure to these toxins in contaminated health food products that contain BGA (blue-green algae) have been largely ignored.

 

BGA products are commonly consumed in the United States, Canada, and Europe for their putative beneficial effects, including increased energy and elevated mood. Many of these products contain Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, a BGA that is harvested from Upper Klamath Lake (UKL) in southern Oregon, where the growth of a toxic BGA, Microcystis aeruginosa, is a regular occurrence. M. aeruginosa produces compounds called microcystins, which are potent hepatotoxins and proAphanizomenon flos-aquae, a cyanobacterium that is marketed as a health food supplement, is harvested from natural blooms in Klamath Lake (Oregon) that are occasionally contaminated by Microcystis spp.

 

Regulatory agencies in several countries are developing regulations to control the amount of microcystin in drinking water and other products, including products produced from A. flos-aquae. Regulation of microcystin (MC), a toxin produced by Microcystis spp. that is potentially present in natural culture of A. flos-aquae, should be based on studies in which a test species is exposed to the natural mixture of these cyanobacteriabable tumor promoters.

 

Because M. aeruginosa coexists with A. flos-aquae, it can be collected inadvertently during the harvesting process, resulting in microcystin contamination of BGA products. In fall 1996, the Oregon Health Division learned that UKL was experiencing an extensive M. aeruginosa bloom, and an advisory was issued recommending against water contact.

 

The advisory prompted calls from consumers of BGA products, who expressed concern about possible contamination of these products with microcystins. In response, the Oregon Health Division and the Oregon Department of Agriculture established a regulatory limit of 1 microg/g for microcystins in BGA-containing products and tested BGA products for the presence of microcystins. Microcystins were detected in 85 of 87 samples tested, with 63 samples (72%) containing concentrations > 1 microg/g. HPLC and ELISA tentatively identified microcystin-LR, the most toxic microcystin variant, as the predominant congener"

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Surely this is a wake up call to the AFA Klamath Lake industry to clean their act up and provide SAFE products to the unsuspecting consumer and brainwashed independent distributors who peddle potentially toxic AFA products!

 

If you suspect your AFA supplement has compromised your health or your pet has suddenly died after being fed AFA then ask for an independent test to be done on the product you have used. It should be noted that the LD50 rating for orally administered microcystin toxin LR in test mice is rated very low at about 5 to 10 µg/kg body weight. That equates to 5 to 10 ppm for 50% of the test animals to die. The LD50 rating is established by giving test animals an ever increasing dose of a toxin until 50% of the group have died. The dead animals are then analysed to assess what level of toxin in parts per million killed them.

 

To give you some idea of how toxic microcystin LR actually is compare it to these well know toxins and poisons. You can see why the health authorities have set such a low limit in BGA supplements from Klamath!

 

Arsenic LD50 mice = 763 ppm

Cyanide LD50  rats = 8 ppm

Paraquat LD50 rats = 110 to 150 ppm (Note Paraquat was a very commonly used herbicide that is now banned due to how toxic it is to humans)

Glyphosate LD50 rats = 5,600 ppm (Note: Glyphosate is a very common weed killer mostly identified by the trademark Roundup)

 

Here is where you can get your supplement tested http://www.cyano-biotech.com/content/cyanotoxins/index.php  for ALL the common toxins found in AFA which include Microcystin LR, Microcystin RR, Microcystin YR, Microcystin LR-RR-YR, Microcystin LW, Microcystin LF

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Acute Toxicity

 

 

 

http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/publications/healthy-living-vie-saine/water-cyanobacteria-cyanobacterie-eau/index-eng.php

"Microcystin-LR is extremely toxic after acute exposure. Fatalities have been observed after animals consumed water containing large numbers (>106/mL) of cyanobacterial cells. Footnote 1

The LD50 by the intraperitoneal route is approximately 25-150 µg/kg bw in mice; the oral (by gavage) 94,95 LD50is 5000 µg/kg bw in mice and higher in rats. This indicates that, even by the oral route, micro-cystin-LR is extremely toxic in mice following acute exposure; intraperitoneal injection is 30-100 times more toxic. Thus, a significant amount of microcystin-LR escapes the effects of peptidases in the stomach and is absorbed. The oral LD50 of a toxic Anabaena extract in mice was also reported to be at least 170 times higher 96 than the intraperitoneal LD50 of the same extract.

Yoshida et al.97 reported that the LD50 for orally (gavage) administered (10.0 mg/kg bw) microcystin-LR in six-week-old mice was 167 times higher than the intraperitoneal value (65.4 µg/kg bw). Histologically, both routes of administration resulted in similar types of injuries to hepatocytes, including haemorrhage and necrosis.

The intraperitoneal LD50s of several of the commonly occurring microcystins (microcystin-LA, -YR and -YM) are similar to that of microcystin-LR, but the intraperitoneal LD50for microcystin-RR is about 10-fold higher.

Footnote 99 However, because of differences in lipo-philicity and polarity between the different microcystins, it cannot be presumed that the intraperitoneal LD50will predict toxicity after oral administration.

The microcystins are primarily hepatotoxins. After acute exposure by intravenous or intraperitoneal injection of microcystins, severe liver damage is characterized by a disruption of liver cell structure (due to damage to the cytoskeleton), a loss of sinusoidal structure, increases in liver weight due to intrahepatic haemorrhage, haemodynamic shock, heart failure and death. Other organs affected are the kidney and lungs.

Footnote 100 Intestinal damage is a consequence of the transport of micro-cystins through the lining cells, which are damaged in a similar manner to hepatocytes. Footnote 89"

 

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Risk assessment of microcystin in dietary Aphanizomenon flos-aquae

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1638057/


"
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, a cyanobacterium that is marketed as a health food supplement, is harvested from natural blooms in Klamath Lake (Oregon) that are occasionally contaminated by Microcystis spp. Regulatory agencies in several countries are developing regulations to control the amount of microcystin in drinking water and other products, including products produced from A. flos-aquae. Regulation of microcystin (MC), a toxin produced by Microcystis spp. that is potentially present in natural culture of A. flos-aquae, should be based on studies in which a test species is exposed to the natural mixture of these cyanobacteria"

 

Methods for removal of microcystins and isolation of phycocyanin from cyanobacteria
US 9131724 B2 filed Jan. 18, 2012

https://www.google.com/patents/US9131724

 

The problem with  microcystins-contaminated AFA has been known about for a very long time as detailed in this patent application for a method to remove the toxins.
 

"Aphanizomenon flos aquae (AFA): A species of blue-green algae naturally found in the Klamath Lake in Oregon in the United States. Under certain environmental conditions, Microcystis blooms mix with AFA and it is not possible to separate the two types of algae at the time of AFA harvest. Such mixtures of AFA and Microcystis are a microcystins-contaminated AFA preparation..."

 

"Microcystin: Cyclic nonribosomal peptides (independent of messenger RNA) produced by Microcystis. Microcystins strongly inhibit protein phosphatases type 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) and can be very toxic for plants and animals including humans; particularly to the liver. Microcystins are composed of several uncommon amino acids such as dehydroalanine derivatives and the special β-amino acid ADDA ((all-S,all-E)-3-Amino-9-methoxy-2,6,8-trimethyl-10-phenyldeca-4,6-diene acid). Among the known types of microcystins is Microcystin-LR."...

 

"Blooms of the toxic Microcystis algae are a world-wide problem, and contaminate many fresh or low salinity water sources. In addition to contaminating potential sources of drinking water, Microcystis algae contaminate the waters of the Klamath Lake in Oregon, which is the only natural source of AFA in the world. The toxicity of the Microcystis algae is a result of the many microcystin toxins produced by the algae, such as microcystin LR. Thus, removing Microcystis from AFA is not sufficient to produce a microcystins-free preparation of AFA. Accordingly, microcystins toxins must be removed to produce safe preparations of AFA."

 

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1638057/pdf/envhper00306-0085.pdf

http://www.nutraingredients.com/Research/Study-warns-against-sale-of-toxic-algae-supplements

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aphanizomenon_flos-aquae

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0041008X12004358

http://www.tldp.com/issue/167/algae.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk%3AAphanizomenon_flos-aquae

http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-923-blue-green%20algae.aspx?activeingredientid=923&

http://www.awakeandliving.com/awake-living/2011/05/dangers-of-aphanizomenon-flos-aquae-afa-superfood-health-tips.html

http://www.oregon.gov/oha/news/Pages/Health-advisory-issued-for-Howard-Bay-located-in-Upper-Klamath-Lake.aspx

http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/press_room/press_releases/2016/pr070116_r1_bluegreen_algae_klamathriv.pdf

http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2015/aug/toxic-blue-green-algae-pose-increasing-threat-nation%E2%80%99s-drinking-recreational-water

http://www.deq.state.or.us/wq/algae/algae.htm

http://www.kbmp.net/maps-data/blue-green-algae-tracker

https://oregonvma.org/news/toxic-algae-advisories

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Stemenhancer AFA health supplement made from algae found in Klamath Lake

http://public.health.oregon.gov/HealthyEnvironments/Recreation/HarmfulAlgaeBlooms/Documents/hab-brochure.pdf Download the FAQs Harmful Algae Blooms PDF doc from this site

 

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Stemenhancer or Stem Cell Nutrition as it is often called is made from AFA algae from Klamath Lake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/74815/20150807/high-toxin-levels-and-algal-blooms-found-in-klamath-waterways.htm

The formation of algal scum in the Klamath River, from Roy Rook down to its estuary in California, led monitors of water quality to place warnings in order to prevent people from being exposed to the toxic blue-green algae.

 

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 Stemenhancer supplements made from AFA which is associated microcystin toxicity

http://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/index.ssf/2014/07/blue-green_algae_causes_health.html

 

Stemenhancer supplements tested for toxicty in Germany

 

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STUDY WARNS AGAINST SALE OF "TOXIC" ALGAE SUPPLEMENTS  The sale of algae supplements containing A. flos-aquae is ‘highly questionable’ warn researchers, as they identify toxins in every commercially available product in Germany.

Extracted from Wikipedia

"Cyanotoxins are toxins produced by bacteria called cyanobacteria (also known as blue-green algae). Cyanobacteria are found almost everywhere, but particularly in lakes and in the ocean where, under certain conditions, they reproduce exponentially to form blooms. Blooming cyanobacteria can produce cyanotoxins in such concentrations that they poison and even kill animals and humans. Cyanotoxins can also accumulate in other animals such as fish and shellfish, and cause poisonings such as shellfish poisoning."

"Among cyanotoxins are some of the most powerful natural poisons known, including poisons which can cause rapid death by respiratory failure. The toxins include potent neurotoxins, hepatotoxins, cytotoxins, and endotoxins. Despite the similarity in name, they are not cyanides. Recreational exposure to cyanobacteria can result in gastro-intestinal and hay fever symptoms or pruritic skin rashes. Exposure to the cyanobacteria neurotoxin BMAA may be an environmental cause of neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS, Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease. There is also an interest in the military potential of biological neurotoxins such as cyanotoxins, which "have gained increasing significance as potential candidates for weaponization."

The first published report that blue-green algae or cyanobacteria could have lethal effects appeared in Nature in 1878. George Francis described the algal bloom he observed in the estuary of the Murray River in Australia, as "a thick scum like green oil paint, some two to six inches thick." Wildlife which drank the water died rapidly and terribly. Most reported incidents of poisoning by microalgal toxins have occurred in freshwater environments, and they are becoming more common and widespread. For example, thousands of ducks and geese died drinking contaminated water in the midwestern United States. In 2010, for the first time, marine mammals were reported to have died from ingesting cyanotoxins"

 

The Water debate  http://markfearer.com/Marks_Place/SBGA.html
 

"The water quality at Klamath Lake where Cell Tech harvests BGA is also controversial. Even though the presence of blue-green algae is often an indicator of some kind of pollution, Cell Tech officials have long claimed the lake is "pure and pristine," with nearby volcanic formations providing nutrients to the lake. 
 

But Vegetarian Times magazine ran a story in August 1995 that ignited a firestorm of controversy about whether Klamath Lake is polluted. The magazine was engulfed by calls and letters from distributors decrying their coverage. Robert Kay, a biologist and former Cell Tech vice president agreed in a letter-to-the-editor that the lake isn't clean. "Microalga grows only when there is a large amount of nitrogen and phosphorus, in this case from cattle waste and agricultural activity. The lake is definitely polluted with these elements," Kay wrote in the Vegetarian Times. But Cell Tech officials deny that. Part of the issue is how pollution is defined." Read the full article

Best to be fully informed when using supplements based on AFA...

Do your own DUE DILIGENCE - Ask for Independent tests to be done on your AFA product if you believe you have been poisoned by it.

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Klamath River Fish Kills

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Here is how one writer promoting the "Safe" use of AFA as a cure all for everything describes the toxic fish kills in Klamath Lake.

 

"AFA IS NON TOXIC - During seasonal algal blooms in Klamath Lake, the ph of the water can reach eleven (NB) and the oxygen drop below three parts per million, which can be deadly to fish in the immediate vicinity of the bloom. The death of the fish is not due to any toxins. Reports that AFA contains toxic proteins have proven to be incorrect. Not only have hundreds of thousands, if not millions of individuals consumed AFA with relatively few cases of side effects, scientific research has indicated that AFA is clear of toxins and that the toxicity of other algae forms may be the source of the confusion."

 

 

 

Toxic algae Anabaena is mixed up with AFA and sols as "health supplements"

 

(NB) Its worth noting that Caustic Soda has a ph of 12. That means water from lake Klamath must be the most heavily polluted water in the world according to the author of the information on the web page promoting AFA as being "safe". So how come the Klamath Lake water reaches 11 on the ph scale as claimed unless it is severely polluted and toxic?

 

Can you believe anything that is written on a website which has a rubbish like that on it about fish kills not being related to "any toxins"? What about the dog kills from drinking the water?

 

What about all the government warnings not to swim in water contaminated with cyanobacteria ?

 

 

 

Toxic blue green algae found in Klamath Lake Oregon

 

If you are selling or promoting AFA supplements, the fish kills of course would have been caused by something else. Yes and technically you would be right. The fish kills are from microcystin toxins found in blue/green cyanobacteria associated with AFA.

Toxic blue/green algae species is virtually indistinguishable from AFA unless you study it under a microscope. What happens is that toxic algae species that produce microcystin is harvested along with the supposedly  beneficial "non toxic" AFA.

 

That means the AFA has to be separated from the toxic microcystin producing bacteria. That is where the main problem lies as outlined in this patent application.

 

You can read more about the association of microcystin producing toxic algae with AFA in this document.

 

 

Toxic algae growing in Klamath Lake kill fish regularly. AFA "health" supplements come from this lake

Klamath River Fish Kill

This is what actually happens and cause the fish to die.

IV. Effects of Microcystins on Fish and Wildlife

https://oehha.ca.gov/media/downloads/ecotoxicology/document/microcystin031209.pdf

A. Fish
"Microcystins are toxic to fish at concentrations as low as a few micrograms per liter (µg/L) or
possibly even fractional µg/L [reviewed by 50, 51, 52]. Considering that microcystins has been
measured in concentrations up to 25,000 µg/L in waters with cyanobacterial blooms [reviewed
by 1], it is not surprising that potential impacts on fish are receiving increased attention. Fish
typically either ingest cyanobacteria or prey that have fed on cyanobacteria [53-55]. To a lesser
extent, they can absorb the toxins directly from the water [56].

As with mammals, microcystins are actively taken up by the liver in fish where they disrupt
normal cellular activity by inhibiting protein phosphatases
[54, 57-63]. Inhibition of these
enzymes in fish can ultimately result in widespread cellular death and loss of liver structure
[reviewed by 50]. Protein phosphatases are particularly important during fish embryonic
development because they regulate critical developmental processes [64].

Due to the limited capacity of fish to detoxify microcystins, they easily succumb to the toxic effects of increased microcystin concentrations [65-72].

Field observations of impacts on fish coincide when blooms are abundant. However, aquatic
ecosystems are complex and it can be very difficult to discern the exact cause of the impacts.
For example, fish kills following a bloom could be caused by microcystin released from dying
cells, but are more likely due to the decreased oxygen and pH levels caused by the decaying

bloom [see 51]. Consequently, the toxic effects of microcystins in fish have been studied
experimentally using several different fish species and exposure routes.

 

In nature, fish are most likely subject to sub lethal impacts resulting from exposure to
microcystins over days or weeks. Several studies have observed severe liver damage in fish
following oral administration of microcystins, usually in the form of freeze-dried cyanobacterial
cells. "

Bear in mind when you watch this video above the water that is killing the fish has come from Upper Klamath Lake where AFA along with other undesirable cyanobacteria is harvested for nutritional supplements!

Here is a slide show that explains what kills the fish in Klamath Lake and Klamath River  http://slideplayer.com/slide/5093432/

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Klamath Lake

 

 

 

 

 

 

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As can be seen in this view by Google Earth, Upper Klamath Lake is mostly surrounded by

roads and farmland and human habitation and is a far cry from the "Pristine Water"

"Natural Environment" described in marketing material put out by AFA Algae Harvesting

Operators involved in making supplements from the nutrient dense eutrophic water that

is needed to produce and sustain algae blooms.

 

See for yourself the satellite view of Klamath Lake.

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.4496314,-121.9817137,37805m/data=!3m1!1e3

 

Farmland surrounding Klamath Lake Oregon

Does this look like a "pristine" area to you? This is just some of the farmland surrounding Klamath Lake

Check it out for yourself -

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.4901979,-121.9182518,7813m/data=!3m1!1e3

 

Surface water run off from farms like this goes directly into Klamath Lake

Here's one of the "pristine" streams that flows into Klamath Lake

Check it out for yourself

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.7046511,-122.031391,3a,75y,207.69h,77.17t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sqCqg4-Po3SJfB0o1Z_xI6A!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

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Here's another shot of water inflow that is far from "pristine" into Klamath Lake. Notice how none of the streams or rivers are fenced off from stock. The pollution all ends up in the lake when it rains. Would you like to drink the water?

 

Why would anyone in their right mind consume something that is grown in water like this unless there is documented proof it is safe and you are

given an indemnity by the supplier their AFA product will not cause liver problems or cause you to develop Motor Neuron Disease

Check it out and you can see clearly for yourself the cattle standing in the stream polluting the water.

To think people eat the scum that is formed from all these contaminants running into it really does beggar belief.

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.2468055,-121.8631905,3a,18.2y,36.39h,86.23t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1scnSQh9-BgXQLWJHNH185Lg!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

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Another "pristine stream" flowing into Klamath.

Check it out for yourself

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.3819466,-122.0083437,3a,15y,174.11h,84.15t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1s2yoi2a3Y6wtkiqzIMTu_JA!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

 

Here is a good look at the "Pristine" Klamath Lake. You can see the "pristine water" clearly in this view below!

Looks similar to a very muddy puddle to the casual observer but of course vested interest

would NOT want you to know exactly what the lake is really like. So they don't show you real

images like this. Taken Nov 2015

 

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Yet another "pristine stream" flowing into Klamath Lake.

Check it out and see for yourself.

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.3819466,-122.0083437,3a,15y,5.87h,72.1t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1s2yoi2a3Y6wtkiqzIMTu_JA!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

 

 

 

 

 

"Being naturally eutrophic, the lake has been known since early times for its poor water quality. Frémont noted the "often foul smelling waters" of the lake, and the Applegate Trail was purposely routed away from the lake because the water was "so bad that it might be too dangerous for livestock to drink late in the season" Extracted from Wikipedia.

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.3026911,-121.9349324,3a,90y,60.07h,55.52t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1saEtaWvmOuCuTxqmgXjD4Bg!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Here is shot of the "pristine water" where the algae harvesting barges are moored. I don't know about you but

it seems a far cry from the "clean" and "green" images shown in promotional videos by harvesting operators.

Would you drink the water you can see in this photo?

 

Why would anyone consider eating or consuming any cyanobacteria (BGA) that is grown in it if the water is unfit to drink and it kills dogs and it kills fish regularly???

Another shot of the "pristine water" found in Klamath Lake where algae is harvested for human consumption

 

 

Look at the colour of the water of this "pristine" lake as an algae barge goes about gathering the AFA and who knows what else at the same time.

A barge harvesting AFA Algae from the "pristine water" in Klamath Lake for "health" supplements

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Just so you know what a truly pristine lake and pristine water actually looks like here is a photo below

Pure pristine water. No Algae can grow in water that is completely clead

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compare it with this "Pristine" river flowing into Klamath

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Don't believe me? Check it out for yourself

https://www.google.com.au/maps/@42.2916811,-121.9280211,3a,17.1y,228.82h,84.74t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sDn9RUaCaXsvJ-bPoll7aGg!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

 

Here is a real pristine river people can swim in and drink the water without fear of being poisoned.

You can rest assured it doesn't flow into Klamath Lake.

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Boating on the "pristine water" of Klamath lake

Stemenancer supplements tested positive for microcystin toxins made from Algae in Klamath Lake. Would you drink that water?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Frequently Asked Questions About Harmful AFA Algae Blooms

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Q: What is blue-green algae?

A: It's not algae at all but a primitive photosynthetic single celled bacteria found naturally in fresh and salt water all over the world. Scientists call them cyanobacteria.
 

Q: Why is it mistakenly called blue-green algae?

A: Like algae, cyanobacteria use sunlight to photosynthesize and phosphorous and nitrogen for food. The word "cyan" means blue-green which is an appropriate name since most cyanobacteria blooms are blue-green in color and are mistakenly called algae.
 

Q: What is a blue-green "algae" bloom?

A: When weather, sunlight, water temperature and nutrients (food) are ideal, cyanobacteria can multiply very quickly into what we call a bloom. As long as these bacteria get what they need to survive they can continue to multiply rapidly. 
 

Q: What do these blooms look like?

A: There are two major groups. One can look foamy, scummy or thick like paint and blue-green, brownish red, pea green or white in colour. The other looks like a dark green or black slimy mat that can have a smelly, offensive odour as does most bacteria when they die. Sometimes cells can be suspended in the water making it look bright green, or they can be lower in the water column so that a layer of scum is not visible.

Q: Are all water bodies in Oregon monitored?

A:  No, only a small number of lakes in Oregon are monitored for cyanobacteria and any potential toxins produced. This is because many of the agencies responsible for our lakes do not have enough money or personal resources to monitor the overwhelming number of lakes Oregon has. Since cyanobacteria is naturally occurring in the water, blooms can develop on any water body if lake conditions and nutrient levels (polluted eutrophic conditions) are ideal. People should learn to recognize dangerous cyanobacteria blooms, and if ANY doubt stay out of the water.
 

Q: Why do blooms sometimes appear overnight?   

A: Most cyanobacteria have evolved to be able to control their buoyancy. By being able to sink and rise they are able to move to where nutrient and light levels are at their highest. At night, when there is no sunlight, cells increase their buoyancy causing them to float to the surface forming a surface scum. Scum can seem to appear overnight for this reason and linger until the wind and waves scatter the cells throughout the water and to other parts of a water body.

Q: Why are these blooms such a health concern?   

A: Not all blooms are harmful, but some species of cyanobacteria such as Microcystis, Dolichospermum, Cylindrospermopsis and some other genera of cyanobacteria can produce toxins that can cause very serious illness or death in pets, livestock and wildlife. These toxins can also make people sick and in sensitive individuals also cause a red, raised rash or irritation.

Recent research in Australia has highlighted the fact that BGA microcystin toxins can cause Motor Neuron Disease

Q: How will I know if the bloom is toxic? 

A: Unfortunately, no one can tell if a bloom is toxic just by looking at it. Nor is the size of the bloom associated with the amount of toxins that can be produced. Because we don't know why or when cyanobacteria produce toxins it's impossible to predict when a bloom is toxic unless toxin testing is done. This type of testing is only performed sporadically on a few lakes in the Oregon region.

Q: When are health advisories issued for harmful algae blooms?

A: A health advisory is issued when bloom sampling shows cell counts or toxins above our Oregon Health Authority guideline values (GVs). We have established recreational GVs for people and for dogs but advisories are only issued when levels are over the GVs for people. You should know that even if an advisory is not in place on a water body (cell counts or toxins are below GVs for people) that these levels can still be very high for dogs and could result in your pet getting extremely sick or in some cases cause death.

If your pet exhibits any unusual symptoms you should seek advice from your veterinarian as soon as possible.

Q: What are the health risks posed by exposure to these toxins? 

A: Although these toxins are not absorbed through the skin to any great extent, a red, raised rash or irritation of the skin and eyes can develop after contact with toxins in the water. If affected water is swallowed, you may experience one or more of these symptoms; headaches, brain fog, cramps, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting, numbness, dizziness, fever. Children and pets are at increased risk of exposure because of their size and level of activity. The most severe reactions occur when large amounts of water are swallowed. Symptoms of exposure can mimic food poisoning. Food poisoning symptoms usually go away fairly quickly once your body gets rid of the spoiled food. Symptoms of exposure to a HAB will go away, but not as fast. Again, if symptoms are severe or persist you should seek immediate medical attention.

Q: Is there an antidote for these toxins?

A: No. If symptoms persist or are severe you should seek medical attention and let your doctor or veterinarian know that you, your family or your pet may have been exposed to a potential microcystin poisoning. Your doctor or vet will treat you or your pet for the symptoms of exposure. Depending upon the potential toxin they may do tests to determine if any other internal damage has occurred. People tend to exhibit symptoms within the first 24 hr. period after an exposure. These symptoms usually go away within 48 to 72 hours if the exposure hasn't been too severe. Dogs will exhibit symptoms after the first hour of exposure. Because dogs are susceptible to these toxins at extremely low levels it is very important to get your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible if they show signs of diarrhoea, vomiting, breathing problems, difficulty walking or standing or loss of appetite. If you have children make sure they are kept out of the water as children like dogs are much more susceptible to the poisonous effects of microcystin toxins.

Q: How can I protect myself when I am camping or recreating at a lake with a bloom? 

A: Stay out of the affected water and keep children and pets well away. Never drink the water even if boiled. Boiling the water DOES NOT destroy the toxin. So never cook with affected water either. If you come in contact with affected water, wash it off thoroughly with another source of water and soap if available. If you accidentally drink the water for some reason seek immediate medical help.
 
Q: Can I treat toxins in the water to make it safe to drink? 

A: NO. Personal water filtration devices for camping or hiking are totally ineffective, and boiling water will not remove the toxins at all. Home filtration devices used to purify well water drawn from a lake affected by a bloom are also very inefficient at removing the toxic imprities
 
Q: Is it safe to eat fish? 

A: NO. Fish caught in affected waters pose completely unknown health risks. If you choose to risk eating them, remove ALL fat, skin and organs before cooking Microcystin toxins collect in fatty tissues in particular. Crayfish (crawdad) muscle may be eaten in small quantities but discard all organs and liquids before preparing. It is illegal to harvest clams or muscles from freshwater lakes.
 
Q: My drinking water comes from a water source that is affected by algae blooms. Am I at risk? 

A: YES. People and water suppliers who draw water directly from an affected water body are advised that it may be dangerous to drink. Testing for toxins is the only way to know for sure. Call your supplier and ask if the water has been tested. If not tested, it is recommended that you use an alternative water source not affected by the bloom. To learn more about harmful algae blooms and your drinking water visit the Oregon Health Authority Algae Resources for Drinking Water webpage.
 
Q: What about other outdoor activities? 

A: Camping, picnicking, hiking, biking, bird watching and other activities that do not involve water contact are encouraged. Boating is safe as long as speeds don't whip up excessive water spray, which could create an inhalation risk especially for children and dogs.

Q: Are these blooms a new problem?

A: No. The earliest reliable account of a cyanobacterial bloom dates back to the 12th century; the toxic effects on livestock have been recognized for more than 100 years. Since bloom formation seems to be linked to nutrient-rich water bodies​ (those influenced by animals and people where phosphorous and phosphate containing compounds such as fertilizers are used, the water way becomes eutrophic), the problem is not likely to go away in the near future. 

Q: I saw a supplement called Stemenhance. Is it made from AFA found in Klamath Lake

A: Yes... Stemenhance is made from AFA harvested from the eutrophic water in Klamath Lake

Q: Is Stemenhance safe to use long term.

A: Ask your supplier of the Stemenhance product for a written guarantee the batch number of the product does not contain microcystin toxins above the acceptable limit set by the health authorities. If your supplier is prepared to give you an undertaking in writing that the product is safe and meets all government guidelines then you can be reasonable reassured your Stemenhance product is at least at the level stipulated by the health authorities.

Q: Is microcystin toxicity and subsequent poisoning chronic or acute?

A: Yes it's both. Drinking severely contaminated water will kill you within days. That is acute poisoning. Consuming a product that has very low levels of microcystin will cause the liver to break down in very small increments and it becomes chronic poisoning over a much longer time period that may be months or even years as some people have found when they have sudden unexpected problems with their liver. If exposed to sufficient minute daily amounts of microcystin toxins the liver will never recover due to permanent scarring called cirrhosis. Alcohol has the same effect but you have to use many thousands of times the level of alcohol compared to microcystin to cause permanent scarring. The scary thing is that scientific research has discovered a link to Motor Neuron Disease which may become apparent many years after exposure to the microcystin toxins.

Q: Is there an antidote to microcystin?

A: NO - Damage is permanent... so is death as the very unfortunate Melissa Blake and her family experienced. Motor Neuron Disease is also permanent and can't be reversed.

Q: Is chronic microcystin poisoning easily recognised.

A: NO. Your doctor will not think to ask you if you are taking an AFA supplement that may contain microcystin toxins. Vague feelings of being unwell are very hard to trace back to what the cause is. It's not until actual liver damage is being done that the problem can be pin pointed to the liver because discomfort is felt in the region up under the right rib cage. Most likely the doctor will still not realise that the problem is being caused by an innocent looking green supplement until it is too late to save the liver from permanent damage. MND is usually not diagnosed until long after exposure to BGA toxins

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Supplement Warning

 

Toxins may be present in blue-green algae products

http:// www. chiro.org/nutrition/ABSTRACTS/algae.shtml    Frank M. Painter, D.C

 

OTTAWA -   As a precaution, Health Canada is advising consumers that products containing blue-green algae may contain toxins harmful to the liver and, despite recent, unfounded reports that they can be used as a treatment for Attention DeficitDisorder (ADD), these products should not be given to children. Some species of blue-green algae naturally produce toxins known as microcystins. As a result, these toxins may potentially be present as contaminants in products made from blue-green algae. With lower body weights, children are at greater risk of developing serious liver damage should the blue-green algae product be contaminated with microcystins. 

In order to determine the extent of this potential problem, Health Canada, through the Office of Natural Health Products, Therapeutic Products Program, and the Food Directorate of the Health Protection Branch, is undertaking a survey of products containing blue-green algae to determine how many are on the market, in what forms they are sold, and the levels of microcystins they contain. This survey is expected to take several months to complete and will provide the additional information required to do a complete risk assessment for blue-green algae products.

There are many products containing blue-green algae sold in Canada, through both retail outlets and direct-sellers. Some of these products are sold in tablet, capsule, or powder forms as food supplements, often as a natural source of minerals. The blue-green algae used in these products may come from natural sources (lakes) or may be cultivated (controlled ponds). 

A recent, independent sampling done by a researcher at the University of Alberta found several products containing natural sourced blue-green algae with microcystin levels which exceed those considered safe for daily consumption by both Health Canada and the World Health Organization. 

 

Eds Note: More recent testing carried out by German scientists on AFA supplements originating from Klamath Lake waters, showed an alarming result whereby 100% of the supplements tested positive for microcystin contamination with many exceeding the allowable level by over 1000%.

 

Eds Note: In even more recent testing in March 2017 the problem remains.

Detection of Cyanotoxins in Algae Dietary Supplements


Preliminary data from the Department's first round of testing to date has confirmed elevated microcystin levels in some natural-sourced products.

This preliminary work indicates that the potential for contamination may be greater for products made from blue green algae from natural lakes. More analysis is required to determine the full extent of the problem and what manufacturing processes could potentially reduce or eliminate the presence of microcystins.

Microcystins accumulate in the liver and can cause liver damage. Adverse symptoms from long-term use of these products (weeks to months) may not be obvious, but could range from a feeling of general malaise or gastro-intestinal discomfort, to jaundice. Children appear to be more sensitive to these toxic effects, which are more likely to present as acute gastro-intestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.).

Due to the potential health risk, consumers who choose to use products containing blue-green algae, especially those from natural lakes, should do so only for short periods of time, as required, and discontinue their use in children. Those with concerns should contact their health care professional for advice.


Health Canada will continue to survey and analyze products made from blue-green algae and, based on the results of its analysis, may take further measures to protect the health of Canadians. Health Canada will also investigate those products which make medicinal claims. The Department has not received any evidence to support the use of blue-green algae as an effective treatment for ADD in children and has not granted authorization for marketing of any blue green algae products for any therapeutic purpose.
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What are blue-green algae???

What are blue-green algae and why do they contain naturally-occurring toxins? Blue-green algae, scientifically known as cyanobacteria, are organisms that form in shallow, warm, slow moving or still water. Historically, large scale harvesting of blue-green algae masses was done for research purposes, to study their properties, and their possible use as therapeutic and antibiotic agents, as well as their potential as agricultural commodities. They can also be harvested from outdoor ponds or natural lakes. 

At present, blue-green algae are manufactured and sold in some pharmacies and health food stores as food supplements, often in tablet or caplet form. While in the water, some species of cyanobacteria naturally produce toxins, as a by-product of their metabolism. The toxins are then stored in the algae cell-like structure. Toxin concentration levels are affected by environmental factors such as exposure to sun, depth of the water and the type of minerals in the water. Levels of the toxins will fluctuate with environmental changes, and are not predictable. Without scientific testing, there is no way to detect the presence or level of toxins in the algae.

Why is Health Canada concerned about blue-green algae tablets and capsules? The algae that are harvested to manufacture blue-green algae tablets and capsules may be contaminated with toxins. Although Health Canada has asked manufacturers to conduct screening for the toxins, the screening may not be done consistently. 


Recently, a researcher at the University of Alberta conducted an independent sampling, to test the level of one of the toxins, Microcystin-LR of natural health products containing blue-green algae. Of the nine randomly selected samples that were tested, all showed levels of Microcystin-LR which exceeded the levels considered safe for daily consumption by both Health Canada and the World Health Organization. 

The findings have been validated by Health Canada, where an additional six products were also tested and found to contain varying levels of microcystin, including one significantly high level. 

A more common variety of blue-green algae, Spirulina, has NOT been found to contain toxins at harmful levels. However, more thorough analysis is required, since growing conditions are generally unknown.

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How harmful are the toxins?

As mentioned, the levels of toxins produced and stored by the algae are unpredictable. The degree of contamination, and by extension the degree of risk, depends on when the algae were harvested, what types of algae were present, and how strong the presence of the toxins were at the time of harvest. Each batch will have a different level of contamination. It is therefore difficult to measure the degree of risk in each product, or even in each batch of the same product. Each batch would need to be screened. The degree of risk is also dependent on how much and how long a person is exposed to the toxin. 

Microcystins are toxins which accumulate in the liver, and can cause damage over the long term. Because of their comparatively lower body weight, children are particularly at risk of liver damage, as well as gastro-intestinal effects, if they are exposed to the toxin in large amounts over an extended period of time. At low to moderate levels of exposure, the effects may be reversible. High levels of exposure to the toxins can have irreversible effects.

How are these products regulated???

The majority of products containing blue-green algae are sold as nutritional supplements, which would be classified as a food. As a food, they are subject to supervision by Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, without any specific regulation, so long as there are no medical claims made, and the products themselves are safe. If medical claims are made, the products are then considered to be drugs, subject to the requirements and regulations on safety, quality and effectiveness that all drugs undergo in order to be approved for sale in Canada. 

Toxins may be present in blue-green AFA algae products.
OTTAWA - As a precaution, Health Canada is advising consumers that products containing blue-green algae may contain toxins harmful to the liver and, despite recent, unfounded reports that they can be used as a treatment for Attention DeficitDisorder (ADD), these products should not be given to children. Some species of blue-green algae naturally produce toxins known as microcystins. As a result, these toxins may potentially be present as contaminants in products made from blue-green algae. With lower body weights, children are at greater risk of developing serious liver damage should the blue-green algae product be contaminated with microcystins.

In order to determine the extent of this potential problem, Health Canada, through the Office of Natural Health Products, Therapeutic Products Program, and the Food Directorate of the Health Protection Branch, is undertaking a survey of products containing blue-green algae to determine how many are on the market, in what forms they are sold, and the levels of microcystins they contain. This survey is expected to take several months to complete and will provide the additional information required to do a complete risk assessment for blue-green algae products.

There are many products containing blue-green algae sold in Canada, through both retail outlets and direct-sellers. Some of these products are sold in tablet, capsule, or powder forms as food supplements, often as a natural source of minerals. The blue-green algae used in these products may come from natural sources (lakes) or may be cultivated (controlled ponds).

A recent, independent sampling done by a researcher at the University of Alberta found several products containing natural sourced blue-green algae with microcystin levels which exceed those considered safe for daily consumption by both Health Canada and the World Health Organization.

Preliminary data from the Department's first round of testing to date has confirmed elevated microcystin levels in some natural-sourced products.

This preliminary work indicates that the potential for contamination may be greater for products made from blue green algae from natural lakes. More analysis is required to determine the full extent of the problem and what manufacturing processes could potentially reduce or eliminate the presence of microcystins.


Microcystins accumulate in the liver and can cause liver damage. Adverse symptoms from long-term use of these products (weeks to months) may not be obvious, but could range from a feeling of general malaise or gastro-intestinal discomfort, to jaundice. Children appear to be more sensitive to these toxic effects, which are more likely to present as acute gastro-intestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.).

Due to the potential health risk, consumers who choose to use products containing blue-green algae, especially those from natural lakes, should do so only for short periods of time, as required, and discontinue their use in children. Those with concerns should contact their health care professional for advice.

Health Canada will continue to survey and analyze products made from blue-green algae and, based on the results of its analysis, may take further measures to protect the health of Canadians. Health Canada will also investigate those products which make medicinal claims. The Department has not received any evidence to support the use of blue-green algae as an effective treatment for ADD in children and has not granted authorization for marketing of any blue green algae products for any therapeutic purpose.

What are blue-green algae?

What are blue-green algae and why do they contain naturally-occurring toxins? Blue-green algae, scientifically known as cyanobacteria, are organisms that form in shallow, warm, slow moving or still water. Historically, large scale harvesting of blue-green algae masses was done for research purposes, to study their properties, and their possible use as therapeutic and antibiotic agents, as well as their potential as agricultural commodities. They can also be harvested from outdoor ponds or natural lakes.

At present, blue-green algae are manufactured and sold in some pharmacies and health food stores as food supplements, often in tablet or caplet form. While in the water, some species of cyanobacteria naturally produce toxins, as a by-product of their metabolism. The toxins are then stored in the algae cell-like structure. Toxin concentration levels are affected by environmental factors such as exposure to sun, depth of the water and the type of minerals in the water. Levels of the toxins will fluctuate with environmental changes, and are not predictable. Without scientific testing, there is no way to detect the presence or level of toxins in the algae.

Why is Health Canada concerned about blue-green algae tablets and capsules? The algae that are harvested to manufacture blue-green algae tablets and capsules may be contaminated with toxins. Although Health Canada has asked manufacturers to conduct screening for the toxins, the screening may not be done consistently.

Recently, a researcher at the University of Alberta conducted an independent sampling, to test the level of one of the toxins, Microcystin-LR of natural health products containing blue-green algae. Of the nine randomly selected samples that were tested, all showed levels of Microcystin-LR which exceeded the levels considered safe for daily consumption by both Health Canada and the World Health Organization.

The findings have been validated by Health Canada, where an additional six products were also tested and found to contain varying levels of microcystin, including one significantly high level.


A more common variety of blue-green algae, Spirulina, has not been found to contain toxins at harmful levels. However, more thorough analysis is required, since growing conditions are generally unknown.

How harmful are the toxins?

As mentioned, the levels of toxins produced and stored by the algae are unpredictable. The degree of contamination, and by extension the degree of risk, depends on when the algae were harvested, what types of algae were present, and how strong the presence of the toxins were at the time of harvest. Each batch will have a different level of contamination. It is therefore difficult to measure the degree of risk in each product, or even in each batch of the same product. Each batch would need to be screened. The degree of risk is also dependent on how much and how long a person is exposed to the toxin.

Microcystins are toxins which accumulate in the liver, and can cause damage over the long term. Because of their comparatively lower body weight, children are particularly at risk of liver damage, as well as gastro-intestinal effects, if they are exposed to the toxin in large amounts over an extended period of time. At low to moderate levels of exposure, the effects may be reversible. High levels of exposure to the toxins can have irreversible effects.

How are these products regulated?

The majority of products containing blue-green algae are sold as nutritional supplements, which would be classified as a food. As a food, they are subject to supervision by Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, without any specific regulation, so long as there are no medical claims made, and the products themselves are safe. If medical claims are made, the products are then considered to be drugs, subject to the requirements and regulations on safety, quality and effectiveness that all drugs undergo in order to be approved for sale in Canada.

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Klamath Lake Bluegreen Algae Is Toxic and Should Be Avoided

By Bob McCauley, ND  http;//blog.watershed.net/2014/02/10/klamath-lake-bluegreen-algae-is-toxic-and-should-be-avoided  

"I have said for years that Klamath Lake algae should not be consumed.  It is an area of intense agricultural runoff and is a polluted lake.  This algae, which is known as Klamath Lake blue-green algae (aphanizomenon flos-aquae, AFA)  is also quite toxic.  Actually, Cyanobacteria  is not  an algae.   In recently published reports researchers have demonstrated conclusively that I am indeed correct about this issue and that AFA should be avoided.  In fact, AFA is the bane of many lakes around the world where scientists and governments have fought long battles to rid it from the environment due to its incredible destructive power."

“Researchers have warned against the sale of organic algae supplements containing the algae strain Aphanizomenon flos-aquae after a samples of every commercially available supplement available in the country were found to contain potentially dangerous toxins”

“The analysis for the presence of cyanobacterial toxins (MCs, nodularins, saxitoxins, anatoxin-a and cylindrospermopsin) encompassed only algae dietary supplements marketed in Germany and thus only the three main types of algae generally used for the production of dietary supplements, i.e. Aph. flos-aquae, Spirulina and Chlorella,” said the researchers, writing in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.”

"There is nothing in AFA  that cannot be found in Spirulina in the way of nutrients  since both of them are Cyanobacteria.   If AFA  is a truly healthy food then they should cultivate it in a controlled environment and ponds the way Chlorella and Spirulina  are grown, and not harvested from a polluted lake."

 “The researchers said their analysis ‘clearly demonstrated’ that a high proportion of the algae dietary supplements available on the German market “is contaminated with considerable, but varying amounts of MCs. “Moreover, cytotoxicity analyses suggest that additional components are present that have the potential to induce fulminant adverse effects in consumers,”
“In light of the findings, the distribution and commercial sale of Aph. flos-aquae products, whether pure or mixed formulations, for human consumption appear highly questionable,” Dietrich and his colleagues warned.

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Footnote:

This website is an ongoing project to get to the truth. That's why I have decided to put my name and face to it.

It will be altered and added to as I see fit. No amount of abuse or vilification will alter the fact that this page will remain here indefinitely.

I have reported THE FACTS as they stand in relation to Algae. Not just AFA. Spirulina also has problems when harvested in "natural" environs.

My name is Geoff Goldie and that is a photo of me taken many years ago and well before my health was compromised by an AFA supplement that came from Klamath Lake

You can read more about me on my website.

I decided to publish this page on microcystin toxicity after experiencing quite severe debilitating liver problems, caused, I believe, by an AFA product that was produced by a supplier based at Klamath Lake Oregon. I'm still suffering despite not using that particular AFA product for nearly a year now.

I'm looking for someone that has evidence that EVERY BATCH of AFA is properly tested for toxins. If you have that documented science, (not just something lifted off one of the thousands of websites saying how wonderful and non toxic AFA is) please email me the link to it and your first and last name and why you have an interest in AFA algae.

I guarantee I will post your email and the science on this page IF IT IS LEGITIMATE. Perhaps I just haven't been able to find the science in my extensive searching for it. Let me tell you, I have done extensive and exhaustive research into the subject of BGA supplementation.

You can email your evidence to afascience @ geoffgoldie.com

If you have something you would like to get off your chest you are welcome to email me with your gripe and your full name. However, bear in mind if it is abusive and non-factual and you hide behind an anonymous email I will definitely publish it on this page and will publish it on my scam alert pages too.

It's relatively easy to trace emails these days so hiding behind a false address and name will definitely get you on this page along with your IP address and your country and the town and even the street where you live. (Note: It gives you an idea of just how intrusive big brother is these days when someone like myself can actually track you down to the house or the specific place you were in when you used your computer to access material on the Internet - so be careful with what you do on the Internet)

If you have a story of how microcystin toxicity may have caused you problems by all means get in touch. Just like testimonials, I can't publish anecdotal evidence. Just claiming a particular brand of algae product was the cause of you or someone you know becoming ill is not good enough. If you wish to use a trademark in your claim I need to publish your full name to back up your statements with fact. A doctors letter certifying your illness was caused by AFA microcystin toxicity would be definite proof you have had liver problems and possibly ongoing problems with your liver.

You can email afaproblems @ geoffgoldie.com

Lets just stick to facts and let the facts do the talking as they have above. I haven't made anything up in regard to the problems with AFA. The problem exists as hundreds of websites and the science has said for decades about microcystin toxicity.

FORGET ABOUT ALL THE WEBSITES THAT SAY AFA IS SAFE.

THEY ALL HAVE A VESTED INTEREST IN NOT TELLING THE WHOLE TRUTH

 

Update:

I have had a number of people send me an undated document written by an unknown author. Interestingly, the unnamed document seems to be used by more than one company promoting AFA supplements from Klamath Lake. 

 

Hmmm... that means one thing only. It's most likely due to someone involved in the Klamath Lake AFA industry making the document appear to have come from a particular company when it hasn't officially been sanctioned by that company in the first place. That is the sort of thing that some people will do if they have a vested interest in selling AFA.

 

Apart from the fact the document is unscientific and is obviously written by someone with a vested interest in AFA supplementation, it doesn't address the problem of microcystin contamination pertaining to AFA Klamath supplement products.

The document refers to research carried out back in the 1950s as shown in the clip below.

It's obvious the problem of contamination of AFA with microcystis toxins is an ongoing issue dating back to the late 1950s.

The document discusses neurotoxicity which is the least of the problems associated with blue green algae.

 

The effects of microcystin toxicity are extremely subtle if you're exposed to minute amounts. However, the effects are chronic and will build up over time and cause irreparable damage to the liver similar to what alcohol will do if you continue to ingest enough of it over a period of years.

 

Hopefully people reading this page will stop using any blue/green algae supplement if they are experiencing symptoms that can't be explained. The problem is the extreme difficulty of actually removing the microcystin toxins from the AFA during the manufacturing process as described in this patent application.

 

To achieve the levels required by health authorities is problematical to say the least.

 

Read the science before you start sending unnamed, undated, non scientific information to me. I am happy to point people to the science that proves AFA is completely free of microcystin toxins after being refined and processed.

 

Just point the scientific research out to me. I can't find it anywhere!

 

 

What safety studies and where are they?

 

Important Update:

I have information that a supplier of AFA from Klamath Lake is guaranteeing that their AFA supplement is absolutely free of microcystin toxicity and that every batch is tested. They will be certifying this in writing to the distributors of the AFA products that market their products. This company will make sure their certification is on view in the public domain on their website for EVERY BATCH of AFA they produce.

Each batch will be given a number and date and the level of microcystin toxins measured in it. The microcystin toxins must be below< 1microg/g

In addition to the above they will be supplying a written indemnity to ALL of their Distributors which will protect the Distributor if there is ANY comeback on products supplied to customers the Independent Business Partner has gathered.

This is an important step in the right direction by this particular company.

ASK YOUR OWN AFA SUPPLIER FOR A WRITTEN GUARANTEE

To all those people who are asking me to name the company on this webpage... the answer is no. I'm not recommending any particular company. I have no vested interest in any company associated with selling AFA from Klamath Lake and neither am I interested in using or promoting such a risky product as AFA currently is despite research indicating there may be use for microcystin toxins found in BGA.

Ask your supplier of Klamath AFA for a written indemnity that absolves you of any legal repercussions if a customer becomes ill. If the manufacturer has a way to guarantee their product is safe then of course their public liability insurance will cover you and they wont hesitate to provide cover for you.

After all, there wouldn't be an MLM company anywhere that would allow an individual distributor to be sued for supplying faulty product... cough cough... would there?

Hmmm not so sure about that are we?

Make sure you read the documentation they supply in regard to AFA safety and read through the indemnity insurance the Klamath Lake AFA supplier has to cover you in case of accidental contamination of the AFA supplements you're promoting.

I strongly suggest you take the documents to your lawyer and ask them to verify that it would hold up in a court of law and you are protected from litigation in case someone dies like the very unfortunate Melissa Blake did.

Look at what habitually happens when an MLM company is out of the jurisdiction of the authorities in the country the distributor happens to be in. The distributor is taken into court by the government authorities, that leaves the company laughing all the way to bank because they can't be sued as they don't have a physical presence or a registered office in many countries they operate in.

There is one company I have second hand knowledge of that is prepared to provide the documentation and the indemnity cover. Ask YOUR COMPANY for a similar cover without delay. See what the response is.

If the responsible company I mentioned above has the method to strip out the microcystin toxins and the insurance to cover their distribution team, I would assume your company would do exactly the same to allay any fears you may have.

If your company doesn't have documentation to cover you... hmmm... what's wrong with their product?

Keep in mind. If you aren't covered by your supplying company's insurance... well... do you really want to take the risk of being taken to court in your country for selling a product known to have contamination and serious toxicity issues dating back scores of years?

Your choice... YOUR DECISION!

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http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/09/26/3856265.htm?site=science/demonstrations&topic=enviroDr Dunlop discovers a link between microcystin toxins and motor Neuron disease

Study links BGA microcystin toxins to Motor Neuron Disease

 

This research article which I previously missed really does drive home the enormous problem that is accruing in regard to microcystin toxicity in BGA supplements. The water supplies in many countries are regularly contaminated and microcystins are turning up in the food we eat on a regular basis. It's quite alarming now that science is also showing a link between neuro-degenerative diseases and microcystin toxins as outlined by Dr Rachael Dunlop above.

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Informed people make informed choices!

It's rather disturbing that the Klamath Lake BGA industry has been so cavalier in their attitude towards the proper testing of BGA supplements in the past.  The only safe level is none when it comes to supplementing with BGA. You see it isn't just about taking a BGA supplement, which may or not be "safe" it's also the exposure to food sources that may be contaminated such as shellfish and fish and even lettuce as described in the above research article which could easily increase the body load of microcystins to the dangerous levels.

I know someone that actually died from eating two dozen oysters in recent times. It was never able to be proved. But all the symptoms were pointing to microcystin toxins in the oysters that caused paralytic poisoning and the shut down of his liver. Like most people he would have assumed the oysters were safe to eat. Of course he would have had no idea of just how toxic microcystins actually are and how they can be concentrated in a food source like shellfish. He developed paralytic poisoning and died within three days of the meal.

I can't stress enough that if you are going to compromise your body by taking potentially toxic BGA supplements, you really do need to have a written guarantee from the company supplying the BGA product, that the level of microcystins is down to and well below the safe level of <1mcg/gm. In addition the supplier should carry public liability insurance to protect you in case of contaminated product slipping through their testing procedures.

According to the above research, the level of microcystins should be <0.25mcg/gm to be reasonably safe.

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Under no circumstances should you ever give children contaminated AFA supplements!

I believe fully informed people make very informed choices. Rather than obfuscating and threatening people who take the time to do balanced research, it's best to allow people to make their own choices rather than try to hide the facts or to pretend that nothing is wrong with cyanobacteria. Yes of course there are many good properties in AFA and some other types of cyanobacteria, the so called blue/green algae.

I don't dispute any of the good things about AFA as is
well documented above. However, I believe it's every persons right to have easy access to articles, newspaper reports and scientific literature when something as dangerous as microcystin-LR, the most toxic microcystin variant, is being found in Klamath AFA supplements with monotonous regularity.

 

The problem is ongoing as this recent government warning shows states in regard to Klamath Lake pollution and toxic cyanobacteria blooms

http://www.oregon.gov/oha/ERD/Pages/Health-Advisory-Issued-Upper-Klamath-Lake-June-2017.aspx

Self regulation and testing procedures don't appear to be working.  If the Klamath AFA industry was doing the right thing... why is it in 2017 the industry as a whole is still producing AFA products exceeding the limit of <1 mcg/gm for microcystin toxins as set by government regulators? Perhaps the government should step in and shut the industry down before more damage is done.

It's quite alarming there is so much incriminating evidence out there, yet irresponsible self regulated harvesters and manufacturers of AFA supplements are still being caught out with products that are well over the stipulated limit of <1mcg/gm when tested by independent scientists.

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By the way... if you have been poisoned or had your liver compromised by taking AFA supplements from Klamath you can have the remaining product tested by an independent science lab so you have a legal case to claim damages if necessary  http://www.cyano-biotech.com/content/cyanotoxins/index.php 

Hopefully you have been using safe products documented to be free of microcystin toxins and you haven't been poisoned and you don't have any of the early warning signs of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's or Multiple Sclerosis or Motor Neuron Disease that microcystin toxins are now implicated in causing.

I actually have a bottle from the same batch of AFA that poisoned me. If I continue to get leant on by Klamath Lake suppliers of AFA supplements I will get the contents analysed and publish a copy of the scientific results and name the company that produced the product on this webpage.

It should make interesting reading.

Here are more links to some interesting facts and the science about AFA and microcystin toxins

https://www.toddcaldecott.com/my-take-on-e3-live-during-pregnancy/

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Blue green algae is not really algae, but is actually bacteria. Cyanobacteria to be exact.

http://www.raysahelian.com/bluegreenalgae.html 

 

This may shed more light on the subject of AFA microcystin toxicity problems

BLUE-GREEN ALGAE: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings

 

Why Blue Green Algae makes me tired -

http://www.tldp.com/issue/167/algae.html

 

Paralytic shellfish poisons produced by the freshwater Cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae NH-5

"Abstract
A single filament clonal isolate of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae was made from a water bloom sample taken at a small pond near Durham, New Hampshire, in 1980. When batch cultured the strain was toxic to mice and had an i.p. LD50 of about 5.0 mg/kg. Using an extraction procedure originally designed for paralytic shellfish poisons and other neurotoxins of freshwater cyanobacteria, a purification method was developed. The procedure involved acidified water/ethanol extraction of the cells followed by ultrafiltration, gel filtration, use of C18 cartridges to remove pigments, ion-exchange and high performance liquid chromatography using u.v. detection at 220 or 240 nm. Thin-layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography results indicate that Aphanizomenon flos-aquae NH-5 may produce paralytic shellfish poisons, mainly neo-saxitoxin and saxitoxin. Three labile toxins were also detected which were not similar to any of the known paralytic shellfish poisons."

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Information Update -

Health Canada proposes guidance to protect Infants from Algal Toxins in Drinking Water

 

How blue-green algae is taking over Canadian lakes

 http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/how-blue-green-algae-is-taking-over-canadian-lakes-1.1326761

 

Blue-Green Algae (Cyanobacteria) Blooms - California dept of Public Health

https://archive.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/environhealth/water/Pages/Bluegreenalgae.aspx

 

Blue-Green Algae and Microcystin Toxins

http://www.nutrex-hawaii.com/blue-green-algae-and-microcystin-toxins

 

Assessing potential health risks from microcystin toxins in blue-green algae dietary supplements

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1638057/

 

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Informed people....

MAKE INFORMED CHOICES

Tags:
Contaminated blue-green algae can cause liver damage, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, weakness, thirst, rapid heartbeat, shock, and death. Symptoms from drinking water that contain blue-green algae can include: headaches, nausea, fever, sore throat, dizziness, stomach cramps, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, vomiting, muscle aches, mouth ulcers, and blistering of the lips. Although not all blue-green blooms are toxic, some blue-green algae BGA produce nerve or liver toxins. ... People may become ill after swimming or water skiing in lakes with toxic blue-green algae. Rarely, humans may experience stomach pains, vomiting, diarrhoea, and skin rashes. In their toxic form, blue-green algae can kill pets, waterfowl, and other animals. They can also cause serious illness in humans. You may be able to help prevent a health threat to people and animals from toxic blue-green algae blooms by warning them of the dangers, AFA, Algae, Algas Verdiazul, Algues Bleu-Vert, Algues Bleu-Vert du Lac Klamath, Anabaena, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, Arthrospira maxima, Arthrospira platensis, BGA, Blue Green Algae, Blue-Green Micro-Algae, Cyanobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Cyanophyc. Motor Neuron Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Stemenhance afa extract side effects,
 

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Klamath River Fish Kills | Eutrophic Klamath Lake | Independent Science | Acute Toxicity | AFA Supplement Warning | Microcystin Death? | FAQs

Klamath AFA Blue Green Algae Supplements Health Risks and Side Effects